It is now widely felt that a realistic evaluation of the administration system of one country is made possible by understanding the public administration system of another country. A comparative study of administration not only facilities objectives and rational Jugdement about the administrative system of the country and another, but it at the same time dispels the dangerous misleading form of ethnocentrism, that one country administration is superior to other.
Anyway, every country in the world has its own administration system which agree or suit its socio-cultural, political and economic environment of that country, it is expected that a good public administration system should keep peace with changing time. Therefore, the crux of this work is to comparatively study administrative system of the two different countries namely Britain and France public administration. In order to understand and improve or make references to administration system of these countries where necessary. The study adopted content analysis method and scholars contributions reviewed and suggestions were made there in
- In any administration system, they should recognize the principle of Rule of Law.
- Countries should learn to differentiate between theory and practice. In so far administration are concerned.
- The principles of political neutrally in all administration.
- Principle o administrative should be reorganized.
As the time is passing things are changing both politically and administratively.
Public administration as a subject of study is drowning more and more attention of all concerned. Infact it has become a pivotal point in modern administrative system. That a good public administration set up is essentially needed both for developed and developing countries.
In that case comparative public administration becomes very essential in the modern world. According to Wilson cited in Mukhi (2008) stated that “it is important to study comparative public administration for improving public administration system of one country and another.
The emphasis is that comparative study of public administration will facilitate objective and rational Judgement about the administrative system of one country and the other and can make reference where necessary as to improve administrative such of other countries only as a reference where necessary or needed be.
The main trust of this paper is to critically compare the public administration of Britain and France and to identify their core-task in administration. More so to find out whether this is any point of similarity or dissimilarity between the two countries.
In this work, it is important to start with clarification of some terms or concepts. Administration: Adebayo (2004:1)(ed) stated that administration is the organization and direction of persons in order to accomplish a specified end.
Simon, Smithboury and thomps cited in m.p Sharma et al (2011)(ed) define administration as the activities of the groups co-operatively to accomplish common goal. Similarly Mac Racano fit (1980) cited in Ezeani (ed)(2006: 1) define administration as “the co-ordination of man and material within organization for the purpose. Point to note have from the above postulations is that administration involves the co-operation of human actions, in other to words; it is a process common to group effort, public or private. It is action correctly calculated with minimum loss to the realization of other designed goals.
This administration entails efficient utilization of the resources of organization at the disposal of officials and employee alike.
Nwizu (2002:3) stated that it is consist of two wards i.e public and administration. “Public” according to him means people as a whole, and is that opposite of private. The word public is synonymous to Government; we further stated that in the context of public administration, that the justification for the equation of public with the government is that in the modern society, government is the association or organization in which all the people of any given territory are included without exception.
He also said that the word “Administration; is achieved from two Latin words i.e “Ad” and ‘ministrare’ which means to serve people; to manage the affairs of people and look after them.
Understanding from the above disruption we can say that if the governments or its agencies will be seen or called out by private, it is called or regarded as private administration.
Also Okorie(2007:16) opined that public administration is anchard around bureaucracy in the form of policy formulation. Implantation and co-operation of activities towards the realization of the organizational goals.
COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Comparative public administration is the systematic way of companying different countries administrative patterns and procedure. F.J tickers in Mukhi (2008) opined that the study of comparative is always to the advantage of both the administrator and public administration system.
The concept of comparative public administration is the study which makes a comparative study of institution of public administration of deferment countries. It asses their working ability in different parts of the countries in the world and under different cultural environment.