Cardiovascular Disease and Nutrition
Cardiovascular disease is general term for any disease of the heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases. Until recently, Coronary artery disease, stroke, and peripheral artery disease involve atherosclerosis which leads to Cardiovascular Disease.
This may be caused by high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, and excessive alcohol consumption, among others.
Recent reports has it that cardiovascular disease remains the No. 1 cause of death in the U.S. Evidence suggests that elevated levels of triglycerides (fats) in the blood after meals, known as postprandial lipemia.
Factors that are related to the initiation and progression of the heart diseases are:
- Elevated blood cholesterol
- Cigarette smoking
- A sedentary life style ( wake up in the morning, take your bath, watch television, sleep again, wake and eat…this kind of life style is dangerous, find something to do otherwise, death knocks at the door)
- Excessive and prolonged stress.
- A family history of cardiovascular disease.
Dietary Recommendation for the Avoidance of Cardiovascular Disease
- Maintaining of ideal body weight
- Reduce the intake of food high in fat such as fatty cuts of beef and pork, eggs butter, margarine, salad dressing etc.
- Reduce the consumption of salt and food rich in salt.
- Reduce your consumption of processed and refined sugar and food high in sugar.
- Increase your consumption of fresh fruit and vegetable whole grain and cereal, cooked dried beans and peas.
- Avoidance of tobacco and alcohol and effective coping with stress.