CLASSIFICATION OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION
The World Health Organization classifies female genital mutilation into four types.
The WHO defines type I female genital mutilation as partial or total removal of the clitoris and the prepuce. The type I can also be divided especially when it is important.
- Type IA:- This is the removal of the clitoral-hood or prepuce only.
- Type IB:- This is the removal of the clitoris with the prepuce.
The WHO definition of type II female genital mutilation is partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of Labia Majora.
Type III (Infibulations with excision)
The WHO defines type III female genital mutilation as narrowing of vaginal orifice with creation of a covering seal by repositioning. The Labia minora and the Labia Majora, with or without excision of the clitoris (infubulation).
It is the most extensive form of female genital mutilation and account for about 90% of the female mutilation procedures described from Africa.
This type IV may not involve tissue removal the WHO defined type IV female genital mutilation as “as other harmful procedures to the female genital for the non medical purposes; for example” pricking piercing scraing cauterization’’ this includes adverse range of practice, such as pricking the clitoris with needles, burning or scarring the genital as well as rippling or tearing of the vagina.
Parents must posses the relevant knowledge to influence their attitude and practices of female genital mutilation especially preventing loss of life and life long complications of the practice of Female genital mutilation it can lead to tremendous improvement in the health of female child and community as a whole.