STRATEGIES FOR COUNSELING: Drug abuse is a problem that is causing serious concern to both individuals and government all over the world. The problem is prevalent among adolescents who in most cases are ignorant about the damages or dangers inherent in drug abuse
The following counseling strategies are suggested to help reduce drug abuse among adolescents.
Establishment of Family Education on Drugs:-
The family is the nucleus of the social organization. Parents should give their children appropriate education on drug use. They should be encouraged by health authorities of offer family education on drug abuse to their children. They should inform them of the dangers of drug abuse and dependence on their health, society and the nation.
Establishment of Counseling Centres For Drug Control and Drug abuse
Counseling Centres should be individuals. Qualified health counselor should be employed in helping doing addicts or those dependent on drugs by giving them special advice on how to go about the withdrawal system.
Designing Curricula on Drug Education
Ministry of education (State and Federal) should as matters of urgency add to the curricula-drug education at all levels of education.
Campaign Against Drug Abuse
National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA, 2009) should intensity their campaigns on antidrug in order to have a drug free society. The campaign against use of certain drugs and misuses of drugs should be more intensified at the secondary school level because it is the peak of adolescent. Also government and other relevant authorities should lunch out campaigns against drug abuse.
Effective study habit for students
It centres on well planned scheme of study involving sufficient recreational activities, enough resting time and sleep. Thus such well planned time table of study habits that make adequate provision for rest will enhance good study habit without necessary resorting to the use of drugs to keep students artificially awake.
Establishment of Drug awareness Units:
Drug awareness units to be set up in all states and moderated by the federal, state and local governments. It should not be a panel established to try people who use drugs as criminals, but to help solve their socio-psychological problem.
Parents and adults should refrain from using drugs indiscriminately in the presence of youngsters and they should discourage their wards/children from associating with “unknown” gangs or suspicious neighbourhood peer groups. (Dorcas, 2006).
Drug abuse is a problem that is causing serious concern to both individuals and government all over the world. The problem is prevalent among adolescents who in most cases are ignorant about the damages or dangers inherent in drug abuse.
Many of them engaged in drug abuse out of frustration, poverty, lack of parental supervision, peer influence and pleasure. Drug use is associated with a variety of negative consequences including increased risk of serious drug abuse later in life, school failure and poor judgment which may put adolescents at risk for accidents, violence, unplanned and unsafe and suicide.
However, with effective counseling programme, the problems can be tackled and then reducing the effects of drug abuse, like physical problems, mental retardations sleeplessness, psychiatric complications e.t.c in our adolescents.
Parents can prevent their children from using drugs by talking to them about drugs.