EFFECT OF CASUARINA
The effect of casuarina extract on the kidney was studied using Twenty (20) albino wistar rats of both sexes, weight between 80-200g. The animals were obtained from the animal House, university of Nigeria, Enugu campus. They were divided into five (5) treatment groups (A-E) of five rats each.
The animals were weighted before commencements of extract were administered orally daily for 14 days cages B-E received. Cage A served as the control without and top feed were given to sustain the animals were sacrificed 24 hours after the last administration; the control animals however, showed normal histological structures in all the liver tissues. In conclusion, this study shows that the consumption of casuarina.
INTRODUCTION TO CASUARINA
Casuarinas is a genus of 17 species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australasia, It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into three genera
They are evergreenshrubs and trees growing to 35 m tall. The foliage consists of slender, much-branched green to grey-green twigs bearing minute scale-leaves in whorls of 5–20. The flowers are produced in small catkin-like inflorescences; the flowers are simple spikes. Most species are dioecious, but a few are monoecious. The fruit is a woody, oval structure superficially resembling a conifer cone made up of numerous carpels each containing a single seed with a small wing. The generic name is derived from the Malay word for the cassowary, kasuari, alluding to the similarities between the bird's feathers and the plant's foliage, though the tree is called rhu in current standard Malay.
Casuarina species are a food source of the larvae of hepialidmoths; members of the genus Aenetus, including A. lewinii and A. splendens, burrow horizontally into the trunk then vertically down. Endoclita malabaricus also feeds on Casuarina.