Female genital mutilation (or female genital cutting), comprises all surgical procedures involving partial or total removal of the external genitalia or other injuries to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons. The practice of female circumcision is widely known as female genital mutilation (FGM).
Nigeria in the past had the highest absolute number of cases of female genital mutilation in the world amounting for about one quarter of the estimated 115-130million circumcised women in the world.
The practice is founded in traditional beliefs and societal pressure to conform. The government of Nigeria in the last decade recognized the practice as harmful to children and women and have embarked on corrective measures, aimed at addressing the end of the practice openly and energetically Through the formulation of policies programmes legislation and behavioral change that has currently impact reduction in prevalence.
FGM is practiced in about 28 African countries as well as in a few scattered communities in other parts of the world.
By the end of the seminar presentation, The audience will be able to;
- Define female genital mutilation
- List the causes of female genital mutilation (reasons only)
- Mention the types of female genital mutilation
- Discuss the consequence of female genital mutilation
Definition of Terms
- Infibulations:- This is the most extensive form of female circumcision, involving excision of the Chitoris, labia minor and labia Majora.
- Excision:- To cut out tissue, an organ or a tumour from the body.
- Circumcision:- Surgical removal of the foreskin of the Pensis.
– Viginoplasty:- It is a surgical construction of a vagina, as performed in some inter-sex conditions.
– Female genital mutilation:- world Health organization (WHO)