Fish Culture, Pond Culture System and Sources of Fish Production. Fish Culture: - This is the growing of fish in pond as well as feeding, breeding and harvesting of the fish in a specific planed manner.
Pond Culture System in relation to fish Fish Culture
Pond definition. A pond is define in fisheries science as a shallow standing body of water designed primarily for aquaculture and also constructed in such a way it can be easily let in water and easily drained (inlet and outlet). Furthermore, fish pond is an enclosed water body which may be either concrete or earthen pond with inlet and outlet structures for the purpose of growing fish.
The establishment, mode of construction, size and classification of ponds for fish culture depend on the following: topography, geo-chemistry and accessibility of the site quality and quantity of water availability. Pond can be engaged in production of fingerlings fish, juvenile fish and table size fish.
The can also be designed for recreational fishing. The kind of facility depends on the size of the farm and type of fish farming. These facilities are group into ponds, tanks, cages and pens. A fish pond size can be as small as 3M X 1.3M and can be as large as 1OOM X 1.5M. The smaller the size of fish pond, the easier it is to manage.
Sources of Fish Production In Relation To Fish Culture.
- Captured fisheries: This entails hunted in the wild, such as streams, reservoir, rivers, lakes, lagoon and sea.
- Cultured fisheries: This is the art of growing fish such as fingerlings, oysters, shrimps, periwinkles, crabs etc to a table size or marketable size in enclosed water bodies such as tank, pond, and reservoir. Others are lakes, pens, dams and cages.
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