FUNCTIONS OF A DIPOSE TISSUE
Both subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue has three basic functions. Heat insulation, mechanical cushion, and most importantly, a source of energy (Greenwood and Johnson, 1993). As the major form of energy storage, fat provides a buffer for energy imbalance when energy intake is not equal to energy output (Greenwood and Johnson, 1993).
Adipose tissue has recently been discovered to have secretary function. The secretory product leptin has been proposed to play a role in the regulation of body weight and the total amount of adipose tissue in the body (Considine and caro 1997, Schwartz et al. 2000).
FAT DISTRIBUTION AND METABOLIC SYNDROME
Metabolic syndrome is known to be a cluster of interrelated risk factors of metabolic origin such as elevated blood pressures, glucose metabolism disturbances, dyslipidemia, and obesity. (NCEP. 2002), which are linked to the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Out of all these risk factors, obesity or body fat seem to be the predominant underlying risk factors not only in the development of mets but also cardiovascular risk factors (Bener et al 2010; Beydoun et al 2011).
It has been widely considered that truncal or central obesity as a marker of body fat can be conveniently and cost effectively estimated by measuring anthropometric parameter’s body mass index (BMI), Waist-Hip-RATIOS Circumference (WC), and conicity index (CI). These anthropometrid parameters are correlated with supra-umbilical tissue thickness sonography
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
A central fat patterns has adverse health implications in both children and adults. Because adiposity tracks from childhood into adulthood, the ability of simple anthropometric techniques and sonographic imaging to correctly measure truncal adipose tissue thickness in young male adult needs to be assessed.
- I sough to assess the validity of we, WHR and the conicity index as indicator of truncal fat mass in young male adult.
- To correlate anthropometric variable and sonografic imaging with the blood pressure of young male adult.