Gynecology is the medical practice that deals with the health of the female reproductive system (Uterus, Vagina and Ovaries). Literally, outside medicine, it means “The science of woman”.
Gynecological disorders are those diseases that affect the female reproductive organs which may prevent them from getting pregnant if not properly handled. (Laurinda, 1995).
TYPES OF GYNECOLOGICAL DISORDERS
There are different types of gynecological disorders such as;
- Discharge/smelling vagina
- Nipple discharge/pain
- Painful/menstrual over flow
- Irregular/delayed menstrual
- Itching vagina
Block the fallopian tubes
- Milk let-down after child birth
- Burning/painful vagina.(Hawley-Bow, 1996 andkadir, 1999).
CAUSES OF GYNECOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Gynecological disorders can be caused by Complications resulting from birth control pills, Extreme stress and anxiety, Medications (e.g., contraceptives), uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumors of the uterus), bacteria, yeasts, viruses and other parasites. Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also cause gynecological disorders, as various chemicals found in bubble baths, soaps and perfumes. Environmental factors such as poor hygiene and allergens may also cause this condition.
- Candida albicans, which causes yeast infections, is one of the most common causes of vulvovaginitis in women of all ages. Antibiotic use can lead to yeast infections by killing the normal antifungal bacteria that live in the vagina. Yeast infections typically cause genital itching and a thick, white vaginal discharge, and other symptoms.
- Another cause of vulvovaginitis is bacterial vaginosis, an overgrowth of certain types of bacteria in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis may cause a thin, grey vaginal discharge and a fishy odor.
- An STI is another common cause. This infection leads to genital itching, a vaginal odor, and a heavy vaginal discharge, which may be yellow-grey or green in color.
- Bubble baths, soaps, vaginal contraceptives, feminine sprays, and perfumes can cause irritating itchy rashes in the genital area, while tight-fitting or nonabsorbent clothing sometimes cause heat rashes.
Irritated tissue is more susceptible to infection than normal tissue, and many infection-causing organisms thrive in environments that are warm, damp, and dark. Not only can these factors contribute to the cause of vulvovaginitis, they frequently prolong the recovery period.
EFFECTS OF GYNECOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Effect of gynecological disorders on women are:
- Milk let-down after childbirth