Before the advert of orthodox medicine, plants were largely the source of medications for diseases. Several of these plants were efficacious and have been verified in laboratories to possess pharmacologically-active constituents. For examples, extract tumor growth (Weniger et al, 1986), white cardiac glycosides have been isolated from rauvolfia vomitoria (Iwu and court 1982). Several plants are used as herbal medications for the treatment of eye diseases in the South-Western of Nigeria and a review of some of these
plants has been documented (Ogun lesi et al., 2008).
Extract from the leaves of Emilia coccinea and plant are used for treating eye infection in Nigeria. In addition to the use of the sap in treating eye infections (Ogun lesi et al., 2008, the roots are used in herbal preparations as diuretics antigonod Iwu, M,M.R.A Duncan and C.O Okunji, 1999.
New antimicrobial methanolic extract of the dried leaves has been reported to exhibit any plant origin in perspective on new crops and new uses (Janic Morebise et al., 2001)phytochemical investigation of the stem led to the (Ed.) in Emilia Coccinea.
As ashs press, Alexandria, Virginia PP: 457-462 et al., 1982) as well as furanoid diterpene and 8-hydroxy (Colombin from the bark (Iwu et al, 1999). Emilia coccnea, commonly known as scarlet tassel flower, belongs to the family of compositae. The leaves are eaten raw or stewed.
In herbal medicine, The leaves and roots ore used in the management of craw-craw, abscesses of the breast, yaws, lice, fever, ringworm, syphilis, herma, gonorrhea, measles cough, jaundice and snake bites (Odugbem, 2006). Some of these bioactivities have been confirmed in the laboratory. These includes anti diarrhoeal, antimicrobial and fungicidal activity in (Ogbebor and Adukunle 2005 Ndip et al, 2007).
Phytochemical screening has revealed the presence of alkaloids tannin, saponin, steroids, terpenoids flavonoids and cardiac glycosides (Edeoga et al., 2005) Mroezek et al., 2004). In the study hereby reported extracts of various polarities were obtained from the leaves of E-coccinea for antimicrobial activity. The hexane extracts is largely non-polar, the ethyl acetate fraction medium polar while the butanol fraction is polar.