HERBAL TREATMENT : Health is the most precious of all things and it is the foundation of all happiness, herbal medicines are but components of complementary and alternative medicine which include manipulation, meditation, homeopathy and other approaches. Since the introduction of orthodox medicine in different parts of the world, the use of herbal medicine in treating various ailments has existed along western medicine. Herbal medicines are playing major roles in the health of thousand of people world wide
(Patrick 2002). Treatment of disease which for several years have remained a serious concern to medicinal and health practitioners are gradually becoming clear due to recent research in ethno-medicine that is helping to elucidate indigenous knowledge (Ebernezer, 2002) meanwhile, medicinal plant on the other hand are plants that have been alleged to have infection disease hypertension etc. that these plants can save live of many, particularly in the developing countries, herbal treatment is undisputable the efficacy of medicinal plants in treatment of disease.
However, the major changes of any pharmaceutical scientist are serious problems with the overall quality safety and efficacy of herbal product for herbal treatment Preservation and dosage measurement are serious problems in developing countries.
The label claims and other information provided for the use of herbal preparation may be far from what is in the bottle. Also, sharp practices such as the addition of orthodox medicines to herbal preparation by some traditional medical practitioners have been reported (Okoli, 2002).
However, the cheap and easy availability of medicinal plants other with their ability to cure many disease has continued to encourages uses of medicinal plants worldwide.
The herbal treatment medicinal plants which has its common name as pawpaw is weak-soft-wooded plants which incidentally belongs to the family of caricaceal. Investigation has shown that herbal treatment using plants originated from central America, but now it has spreads to all parts of the world, Nigeria inclusive. It is a plants whose female parts and male parts exist in different trees. The stem of the part is usually unbranched and has hollow and the back is grey in colour.
More details on herbal treatment
The plants is used as food or as medication is different parts of the world where it exists it is said to contain a useful chemical compound which are very essential in area of medicine for treatment of diseases. The major biological active compounds in carica papaya includes chymopapain, flavoral papain etc (Chen et al 2002).
These enzyme have the ability of dissolving dead tissues without damaging living cells on using herbal treatment. Moreover chymopapain has been found to accelerate the healing and recovery of surgical wound. Report has showed that in the laboratory test, extract from epicarp (skin), endocarp (flesh) and seeds and even leaves showed invitro antibacterial activity against several micro-organisms (Emeruma, 2002).
The extract has the ability to inhibit the growth of gram-positive and gram-negative organisms such as staphylococcus aureus ans Escherichia coli. Carica papaya has also been found to contain fibrimolytic properties which helps in removal of slough from the wounds.
They also have proteolytics effects on bacteria, resulting from the production of coagulum that immobilize micro-organisms and protects the host against bacterial infection (Chen et al, 2002). The antioxidant properties of Carica papaya as a herbal treatment has been suggested to enhance healing.
This reduces the risk of oxidative damage to tissues. Also protection of cells against destruction by inflammatory mediator may be one of the way in which extract from the plant carica papaya contributes to wound is the major compounds found in carica papaya which contributes to its healing properties.
Alkloids- Found in leaves
Butanoic acid- Found in fruits
Methulbutanoate- Found in fruits
Carpaine- Found in leaves
Pseudopapain- Found in leaves
Dehydeo carpaines- Found in leaves
Chymopapain - Found in exudates
Flavonols - Found in leaves
Benzylylucosinoate - Found in cell past
Long hool - Found in fruits
Alpha-linotenic acid - Found in fruits
Vicotine - Found in fruits
Tannins - Found in leaves
Alpha-phellandranic - Found in leaves
Alpha-ferpinener - Found in fruits
Gaimina-ferpinene- Found in fruits.
Methyl-thiocyanate and benzyl isothiocyanate (Chen et al, 2002) meanwhile, owing to active nature of papaya plant it has been applied in treatment of various diseases in humans population some of diseases which can be treated with this plant are
Infection (wound infection)