Hookworm is a parasite in the intestine of man, domestic animals and some wild animals when they get infected. It is a Helminth, belonging to the class of Nematodes. Two species of Hookworm are of medical importance; Neto Americans and Ancylostoma duodende (Cheesbrough, 1998). It is ubiquitous, pandemic as well as endemic in some other places. The statistical estimation of hookworm infection occurs in over 151 people worldwide yearly.
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- HOOKWORM: AETIOLOGY OF HOOKWORM INFECTION,
- HOOKWORM: PATHOGENESIS AND CLINICAL FEATURES
- HOOKWORM DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
- Hookworm Prevention and Control
Hookworm infects particularly people in the tropic and sub-tropic area. Most patients that are symptomatic to hookworm in the past have remained a major cause of hypochromic microcytic anaemia and hypoproteinemia.
The presentation of clinical signs and symptoms of the infection depends on several factors including worm burden, species involved and the nutritional states of the host. Hookworm infection triggers minimal protective immunity. effective therapy is with antimicrobial agents, although improved nutrition and iron supplementation may be of benefit. Patients not treated with antimicrobial may labour the infection for decades or longer.
HOOKWORM AND ITS STUDY
Hookworm is found in soil contaminated with human faeces, more commonly in rural tropical and subtropical areas. Under appropriate soil where the soil is sandy, moist, shaded and has the optimal temperature range of 18C-33C, Hookworm egg hatch into larvae within 1 to 2 days. Infection of the human host occurs ingestion of egg.
The objective of this work is to determine the prevalence rate of Hookworm in individuals in Ezza South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State and recommend the possible preventive measures.
HOOKWORM: PREVALENCE OF HOOKWORM IN INDIVIDUALS