A CRITICAL STUDY ON IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE
The aim of National Programme on Immunization (NPI), within primary health care is to reduce morbidity and mortality among children by providing immunization against the six (6) major killer diseases of children (0-2years). These diseases include; Tuberculosis, tetanus, whooping cough, diphtheria, poliomyelitis and measles. The National Programme on Immunization also aims at protecting the health of mothers during delivery and by extension the neonates through tetanus immunization. Therefore all health workers must be conversant with the current National Programme on Immunization Schedule as below (Ajayi, 2004).
The table below shows the new EPI vaccines and how it would be administered.
|AGE||ANTIGEN||DOSE||ROUTE OF ADMINISTRATION||SITE|
|Birth (1-2wks)||BCG,OPVO,HEP B O||0.5ML||IM||upper arm|
|6 weeks||OPV1, Pentavalent 1, PCV1||0.5ml||IM||Upper thigh|
|10 weeks||OPV 2 Pentavalent 2 PCV2||0.5ML||IM||Upper thigh|
|14 weeks||OPV 3, Pentavalent 3, PCV 3||0.5ml||IM||Upper thigh|
|9 months||Measles, yellow fever||0.5ml||IM||Upper thigh|
Source: (National Immunization Schedule). Ministry of Health 3rd June, 2011.