Students, especially those in secondary school tend to see the drug user as one who is tough, bold and strong. Many youngsters have been known to use drugs at the instance of peers, elders or siblings. Students who usually feel inadequate have been known to use drugs to achieve social acceptance. Esen (2009) states that Nigerian secondary school adolescents under the influence of Indian hemp shed all inhibitions and produce behaviour that is inconsistent with school discipline. He went further to observe that the increasing incidence of drug abuse among secondary school students is a contributory factors in the ugly confrontation between school administration and students.
Fayombo and Aremu (2004) in their research on the effects of drug abuse on educational performance of some adolescents drug abusers in Ibadan found that he misuse of marijuana had reached an epidemic level in the present Nigeria society, and that drug abuse control lead to reduce academic achievement or even halt one’s entire academic process.
Drug abuse is a very serious problem among school adolescents and which has slowly made the average Nigerian student to be maimed, sentenced to a life of delinquency, insanity, street walking and premature death.
TYPES OF DRUG ABUSE
Virtually any substance whose ingestion can result in a euphoric (high) feeling can be abused. Many are aware of the abuse of illegal substances like marijuana and cocaine, less well known is the fact that inhalants are some of the most commonly abused substances. In Nigeria, the most common types of abused drugs according to NAFDAC are categorized as follows:
These are substances that directly act and stimulate the central nervous system. Users at the initiation stage experience pleasant effects such as energy increase. The major source of these comes from Caffeine substances.
These are drugs that alter the sensory processing unit in the brain. Thus producing distorted perception, feeling of anxiety and euphoria, sadness and inner joy, they normally come from marijuana.
These drugs relieve pains, induce sleep and they are additives. They are found in herioin, codeine and opium etc.
These drugs are among the most widely used and abused. This is largely due to the belief that they relieve stress and anxiety, and some of them induce sleep, ease tension, cause relaxation or help users to forget their problems. They are sourced from valium, alcohol, prometazine chloroform.
This is a group of volatile solvents or inhalants that provide euphoria, emotional disinhibition and perpetual distortion of thought to the user. The main sources are glue, spot removers, tube repair, perfumes, chemicals etc.
They are believed to produce calmness without bringing drowsiness they are chiefly derived from Librium, valium etc.