A sanitary towel is an absorbent item worn by a woman while she is menstruating, recovering from vaginal surgery, for lochia (post birth bleeding), abortion, or any other situation where it is necessary to absorb a flow of blood from a woman’s vagina.
The sanitary towel can also be referred to as sanitary napkin, sanitary pad, menstrual pad, maxi pad or pad.
A sanitary towel is worn externally, between the vulva and a woman’s undergarment, unlike tampons and menstrual cups which are worn inside the vagina for the same purpose of absorbing blood flow. It is made from a range of materials, differing depending on style, country of origin, and brand
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Sanitary towels have been mentioned as early as the 10th century, in the Suda, where Hypatia, who lived in the 4th century AD, was said to have thrown one of her used menstrual rags at an admirer in an attempt to turn him.
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In premodern cultures, menstrual huts were common. Women that were menstruating were isolated in these huts for various reasons ranging from fear to respect. Some of the women bleed into large bowls containing water and the water was changed very early in the morning when people were still sleeping. This continues until the bleeding stops.
Some other women used different forms of menstrual protection such as grass, rabbit skin, sponges, rags, menstrual aprons, homemade knitted pads or other kinds of absorbents. They used strips of folded old cloth (rags) to catch their menstrual flow, which is why the term “on the rag” is used to refer to menstruation.
ISOLATION OF BACTERIA FROM UNUSED SANITARY TOWELS