MALNUTRITION: HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH MALNUTRITION SYMPTOMS.
Unintentionally losing 10 pounds or more may be a sign of malnutrition. People who are malnourished may be skinning or bloated. Their skin is pale, thick, dry and bruises easily. Rashes and changes in pigmentation are common. Hair is thin, tightly curled, and pulls out easily. Joints ache and bones are soft and tender. The guns bleed easily. The tongue may be swollen or shriveled and cracked. Others include night blindness, increased sensitivity to high and glare, anemia, diarrhea, disorientation, irritability, anxiety, attention deficits, goiter, loss of reflexes and lack of muscular co-ordination, muscle twitches, amenorrhea (cessation of menstrual periods) and scaling and cracking of the lips and month, (Kirkwood,2008). you can also see
- HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCY BEFORE PREGNANCY
- MALNUTRITION: Health Risks for the Child in Long Term
- MALNUTRITION: HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH MALNUTRITION SYMPTOMS.
- MALNUTRITION: SCOPE CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION
- Malnutrition: Malnutrition and its medical condition
HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH malnutrition symptoms BEFORE PREGNANCY.
A women nutritional status at the time she becomes pregnant influences her health during pregnancy and the health of her baby. It is determined largely by her nutritional intake before pregnancy of a woman is undernourished prior to conception because she does not enough, she may be malnourished and underweight at the time conceives.
Her nutritional status at the time she becomes pregnant is also an important factor influencing the health of the foetus and as well, the long term health of the infant, (Baser, 2004).
HEALTH RISKS FOR THE FOETUS AND NEW BORN BABY
Undernourished women may also lack the nutritional stores required to support embryo growth. Embryo refers to a fertilized egg, before it begins to take on human characteristics (at which stage in referred to as a foetus). In the first few days after conception the embryo exists in the woman’s womb but has not yet implanted into the living of the womb where it will grow throughout the pregnancy.
This is known as the pre-implantation period and is the division and replication of cells in the embryo at this stage, impinging it’s development. Impaired embryo development in turn adversely affects the development of the foetus in the later stage of pregnancy.
A woman’s nutritional status at the time she becomes pregnant also influences the differentiation of cells in the embryo into foetal and placental cells. When the embryo implants into the wall of a woman’s uterus, it develops two types of cells, those that will become the foetus and those which will become the placenta (the structures which nourishes and supports the foetus during pregnancy).
In number of cells are likely to form the placenta compared to the foetus, meaning that the foetus begins it life smaller than it should do. Low birth weight is in turn associated with range of adverse outcomes in childhood and later in life.
Foetal development is also affected by materials nutritional status before pregnancy. It is during the first five weeks of pregnancy when the foetus develops most of its organs (e.g. heart, brain, lungs). At this stage the foetus is most vulnerable to the mother’s malnutrition.
Nutritional deficiencies at this time may retard the growth of the foetus’s organs. As the woman is usually unaware she is pregnant at this early stage, she can only ensure she is well nourished by eating properly before she becomes pregnant.