In the mid-to-late 19th century, the intellectual tenets of Marxism were inspired by two German philosophers: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles. Marxist analyses and methodologies have influenced multiple political ideologies and social movements throughout history. Marxism encompasses and economic theory. A sociological theory. A philosophical method and a revolutionary view of social change.
There is no single definitive Marxist theory Marxist analysis has been applied to diverge subjects and has been misconceived and modified during the course of its development resulting in numerous and sometimes contradictory theories that fall under the rubric of Marxism builds on a materialistic understanding of societal development taking as its starting point the necessary economic activities required by human society to provide for its material needs. The form of economic organization or mode of production is understood to be the basis from which the majority of political and legal system, morality and ideology arise (or at the least by which they are directly influenced). These social relations form the super structure; for which the economic system forms the base. As the forces of production (most notably technology). Improve existing forms of social organization become inefficient and stifle further progress. These inefficiencies manifest them selves as social contradictions in the form of class struggle.
More on marxist theory
According to Marxism analysis, class conflict within capitalism arise due to intensifying contradictions between highly productive mechanized and socialized production performed by the proletariat, and private ownership and private owners called the Bourgeoisie.
as the contradiction becomes the two antagonistic classes intensifies, culminating in a social revolution. The eventual long-term outcome of this evolution would be the established of socialism-a socioeconomic system based on cooperative ownership of the means of production, distribution based on one’s contribution and production organized directly for use. Karl Marx hypothesized that, as the productive forces and technology continued to advance, socialism would eventually give way to a communist stage of social development. Communism erected on common ownership and the principle of a from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs’. Marxism has developed into different branches and schools of thought different schools place a greater emphasis on de-emphasizing or rejecting other aspects of Marxism. Sometimes, combining Marxist analysis with non-Marxian concepts, some variant of Marxism primarily focuses on one aspect of development – such as
1. The mode production
3. Power relationships
4. Property ownership
While arguing other aspects are less important or current research makes them irrelevant. Despite sharing similar premises. Different schools of Marxism night reach contradictory conclusions from each other for instance, different Marian economists have contradictory explanations of economic arises and different predictions for the outcome of such arises.
Furthermore, different variant of Marxism apply Marxist analysis to study different aspects of society (e.g mass culture, economic arises, or feminism). These theoretical differences have political movements to embrace different political strategies for attaining socialism and advocate different programs and policies from each other. One example of this is the division between revolutionary socialist and reformists that emerged in the German social democratic party (SPD) during the early 20th century.