Medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals & communities the medical value of these plants lies in some chemical substances that produce a definet physiological action in the humans body.the most important of these bioactive constituents of plants are alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids and phenolic
compound S. (Hill 1952) many of these indigenous medicinal plants are used as spices and food plants they are also sometimes added to foods meant for pregnant and nursing mothers for medicinal purpose (Okwu 1999, 2001). Cleome rutidesperma, Emilia coccinea Euphrobia heterophylla, physicals bransilensis, sida acuta, spigelia anthelmia, steachyfarphyte cayennensis and Tridxa procumbens are extensively used in herbal medicine in south eastern Nigeria.
Their various uses in traditional medicine. The study investigates the fundamental plants by defininy and quantity the percentage of crude phytochemical constituents present in these plants.
Table (1) Review of the various medicinal uses of the plants
Species family traditional usenefrence C. ruti dosperma
Caparaceae leaves are edible. Ear cure for inflammation. Authelmin thic and carminative Burkiu, 1984 Bill, 1992, E-coccinea Astcraccaw treatment of fever and convulsion in children treatment for ulcer, craw-craw, ringworm E. heterophylla Euphorbialeae vegetable and latex used for insect bites treatment for erysipelas, treatment for cough, bronchial paroxymal asthma, hay fever, catarrh, edeoga and Gomina 2002 P. bransilensis solanacae treatment of malaria, toothaches liver ailment and rheumatism.
Treatment of stomach disorders, vomiting diarrhoea and asthma in children.
More details on MEDICINAL PLANTS
Edeoga and Gomina,
Holm et al., 1997
P. bransilensis Solanaccae Treatment of malaria, toothaches liver ailment and rheumatism.
Treatment of stomach disorders, vomiting, diarrhoea and asthma in children.
R. bransilensis Rubiaceae Cure for eczema, Treatment of boils.
Active cure against avine malaria
S. dulcis, scrophulaiaceae Antiviral, inlibitory and antitumuor activity.
Remedy for cough, chest pains and sore throet, treatment of gonorrhoea
Hayashi et al, 1993
S. acuta Malvaceae Feed for livestock.
Stops bleeding, treatment of sores and wounds;
S. anthelmia lonaniaceae Worm excellar. Gill, 1992
S. cyaenneusis Verbanaceae Remedy for dysentery, syphilis, gonorrhoea and catarrahal conditions.
T. procumbeus Asteraceae Feed for livestock.
Treatment of diarrheca, malaria and stomachache.
Holms et al., 1997
Hydrochloric acid was taken as evidence for the presence of phlobatinins.
Table 2. Qualitative analysis of the phytochemicals of the medicinal plants.
Plants Alkaloids Tannin Saponin Phlobatannin Terpenoid Flavonoid Cardic.
C. rutidosperma +++ ---++
E. coccinea ++++-+++
E. heterophylla ++--++++
P. bransilensis ++++++++
R. bransilensis ++++-+++
S. dulcis +++-++++
S. anthelmia +++++-++
S. cayennensis +++-+-++
T. procumbens +++-+-
Presence of constituent
The ethyl acetate and butanol fractions, from the leaves of E.coccinea were found to exhibit strong antimicrobial activities against several microorganism. This support the use of Emilia Coccinea as antimicrobial agent in herbal medicine.