USEFULNESS OF PALYNOLOGIC FEATURES IN TAXONOMY
Palynology is used for a diverse range of applications related to many scientific disciplines. It is the study of plant pollen, spores and certain microscopic plankton organisms in both living and fossil fuel.
-Melissopalynology- is the study of pollen in honey with the purpose of identifying the sources of plants used by bees in the production of honey. This is important to honey producers because honey produced from pollen and nectar of certain plants as mesquite, buck wheat, tupelo or citrus trees demand a higher price on the market.
-Archaeological palynology- Examines human uses of plant in the past. This can help to determine seasonality of site occupation, presence or absence of agriculture practice or products and plant related activity areas within an ecological contest (Hall and Amadalo,2002).
-Entomopalynology is the study of pollen found on the body or in the gut of insect. It is used for determining insects feeding and migratory habits, especially as it involves economically important insects. (Akanmu etal,2005).
-Forensic palynology- Is the use of pollen analysis in the solving of the crimes, it is used by crime scene investigators around the world (Walter and Richard,2004).
-Palecopalynology-Here geologists use fossil pollens and spores to study past environments, stratigraphy, (the analysis of strata or layered rock), histological geology and paleontology.(Elojuba etal,1999).
-Paleecology and climate change- This can be used to reconstruct past vegetation, marine and fresh water phytoplankton communities and so inter past environment (palaeoenvironmental) and climatic conditions. (Bin-hafeez,2001).
-Immunological studies- Fresh water palynmorphs of animal and plant fragments including the parasinophytes and desmids (green algae) can be used to study past lake levels and determine change. (Tona etal.,2004)