CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED DURING PILING AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS.
i. Community Problems: Site workers have always been at the verge of being fought by angry community boy’s, agitating for their acclaimed rights from the company.
Solutions: Site workers never hesitated to obey the command/ instructions of such aggressive boys to avoid casualties before any work commence on site the company settles them through the Community Liaison officer (C.L.O)
ii. Health hazards: These include airborne particles and vapor (such as carbon (ii) oxide engine exhaust). Physical hazards such as noise heat and stress.
Safety measures: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as ear plug, nose mask etc.
PRECAUTION FOR PILE FOUNDATION
It is recommended that the following general guidelines that govern the construction of deep or pile foundation should be observed when works starts on the site.
Adequate reinforcement with ample cover should be provided for the piles
Care consideration should be given to the spacing of piles is usually adequate.
- The pile cap of ample dimensions should be constructed over individual piles and the pile groups so that piles that deviate from their intended positions can be accommodated.
- Pile cap should be deep enough to ensure full transfer of the load from the column to the cap in the punching shear and from the cap of the piles
- Ground beam should be used to inter-connect the pile or pile cap so as to take care of out-of balance moment resulting from wind effect at ground level both in normal and punching shear.
The Student Industrial Work Experience Scheme is the accepted skill-training programme, in the various degree programme (including Geology and Exploration Geophysics) for all the Nigerian Universities. It bridges the gap between theory and actual practice in the Nigerian Tertiary Institutions. It exposes the students to industrial machines and; professional work methods and techniques and application of safety measures in industries and other organization:
The challenges posed by this programme to the students cannot be over emphasized. The following challenges are prevalent:
i. Late release of students from the institution to place of attachment which could make students miss their already secured place of attachment to other students.
ii. Difficulties in sourcing relevant places of attachment by the students, and lack of visit by the SIWES coordinators to the students in their various places of attachment.
iii. Ethnicity of partiality and lack of commitment on the part of the industries in accepting students for industrial training.
iv. Lack of legislation on the part of government to keep industries alive and functional; to revitalize moribund ones and to establish more industries.
v. Difficulties in financing (transportation, feeding, accommodation and other logistics) the SIWES programme especially on the part of indigent students.
vi. Inadequate exposure of students to actual professional work methods and techniques by the industries
vii. Students ignorance of the aim and objectives of the SIWES which could lead to their questionable behaviour in their place of attachment.
- Lack of security of the students in their various places of attachment.
x. Since the Students Industrial Work Experiences Scheme (SIWES) involves the government, the institution, the industries and the students, the following are hereby recommended:
xii. Since government should provide legislation that would keep industries alive and optimally functional, revitalize moribund industries and legislation that would lead to the establishment of more industries. The government should mobilized industrial training students to help them especially indigent students carry out the industrial training expenses.
- As part of its administrative function, the government should see to the security of lives and property all over the nation so that the students could do the programme in serene and peaceful environment.
- SIWES co-ordinators should see that the students are released early enough from the institution to their various places of attachment so as to secure their relevant chances. They should help the students in sourcing relevant place of attachment for the programme. They should also create time to visit the students in their various places of attachment.
- The managements of industries should frown and condemn in strong terms ethnicity of partiality in the acceptance of the students to their industries. They should see such acceptance as their commitments and contributions towards nation building. They should also create a functional industrial training department in their companies which shall see that the students are adequately exposed.
- Students should be made to understand the aim and objectives of the SIWES. The should be made to understand that their attachment is a function of their chance of being employed after graduation.
- Finally, it is in consideration of the educational, scientific, technological development of this nation, that it is hereby encouraged that the government, the institutions, the industries, the students and the interested and concerned groups to put their best towards the sustenance of the SIWES programme.