Problem of Infant and Maternal Mortality: For any country who wants to achieve the objective of the World Health Organization (WHO), that is, reduction on the risk associated with child birth and childbearing, such country must equip all the health care services in her country. This work tends to emphasis on the factors responsible for high infant and maternal mortality rate in Abakaliki urban, Ebonyi State. Despite the fact that the establishment of the institution of safe motherhood initiative in the health sector, maternal mortality was still very high, ignoring the main aim of safe motherhood initiative. Mothers in Abakaliki metropolis are involved and their range is not known. You may like the following article
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The factors influencing maternal mortality are outlined as follows:
- Traditional belief
- Accessibility to hospitals
- Carelessness by the obstetricians. Maternal mortality rate is influenced by the above factors in Abakaliki local government area that necessitated this study.
Research Questions on Infant and Maternal Mortality
In order to get data for this study, the following research questions were posed;
vCan poverty contribute to the increase of high infant and maternal mortality rate?
v Can poor health care faculties contribute to the increase on high infant and maternal mortality?
v Can unskilled health care personal contribute to the increase of high rate of infant and maternal mortality?
v Can socio-economic status contribute to the high rate of infant and maternal mortality?
Research Hypothesis of Infant and Maternal Mortality
For the purpose of the research study, the following hypothesis is formulated;
vPoverty cannot necessary affect the increase in infant and maternal mortality rate.
vPoor health care can not necessary affect the increase on high infant and maternal mortality?
vRelationship between poor roads and unskilled health care personal can not necessary affect the increase in high rate in infant and maternal mortality.
vSocio-economic and cultural factors can not necessary affect the increase in high rate of infant and maternal mortality.
Delimitation of the Study of Infant and Maternal Mortality
This research study is limited to only Nurses, obstetricians, Gynaecologists and pregnant mothers in Abakaliki urban in Ebonyi State. The researcher will not promise to research in all its ramifications, factors responsible for high infant and maternal mortality rate as a whole but will be restricted.
Limitation of the Study
In the course of carrying out this research work. There are some limitation constraint to the scope of this research work, which include;
vTime constraints; the time given for this study did not allow for detailed investigation into factors responsible for high infant and maternal mortality rate.
Significance of the Study
This research study of Infant and Maternal Mortality rate is significant for many reasons. It provides information on the factors responsible for high infant and maternal mortality rate in Abakaliki urban in EBonyi State. The data collected will be useful both to the government and health personnel’s and equally useful to the expectant mothers.
Definition of terms
HOSPITAL: Hospital is a place or building where people who are ill/sick or injured are giving medical treatment and care.
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE: primary health care is the medical treatment one received first when sick.
PREGNACY: pregnancy is a period where a woman is having a baby developing inside her.
MATERNAL MORTALITY: is the death of a woman during or after delivery.
INFANT MORTALITY: is the death of a child during or after delivery.
NURSE: a nurse is a person whose job it is to take care of sick or injured people, usually in a hospital.
DOCTOR: A doctor is a person who has been trained in medical science, whose job it is to treats people who are ill or injured.