Relationship between agricultural education and research and extension: With few exceptions, the institutional relationship between agricultural teaching and research and extension services are inadequate. In many countries, this is the result of the deliberate separation of education, research and extension into different ministries and agencies and a lack of functional mechanism to link them together to solve common problems.
Agricultural research is usually conducted at government research stations and laboratories, the majority of which are not linked with universities. Research activities are often carried out as part of postgraduate programmes of higher agricultural education, but they are seldom directly related to national research priorities and programmes.
Try and read this:
- AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
- Agriculture: Contextual Constriants, Budgetary and Financial Crisis
- Marginalization of Agriculture and Rural Life
- Relationship between agricultural education and research and extension
- Integration Population Issues Into Agricultural Education
- Agricultural Change to Curricular Content and Emphasis
- Agricultural education: Changes to Educational Processes
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The credibility of these activities, and the possibility of obtaining the necessary research resources, depends on the activities being relevant to farmers and to national research priorities. For agricultural education institutions to participate more fully in research, the role of research should be clearly defined in the institutional policies and in the responsibilities of faculty members.
As with research, working relationships between agricultural education institutions and extension systems are indispensable in order to ensure the relevance and contribution of agricultural education. As with research, however, the involvement of agricultural education institutions in extension and community outreach is often limited. Even in those countries where extension and agricultural education are not separated into different ministries, the lack of resources and linking mechanisms greatly limits joint activities.
One way for universities and technical institute to implement development outreach activities is by follow-up technical support to graduates working in agric-businesses or managing their own production enterprises.
Also short courses of containing education cab be designed to update extension officers’ knowledge and to qualify extension staff for career advancement. Continuing education should, wherever possible, make use of farmers’ associations, graduate associations, NGOs’ commercial enterprises and research and extension centers.
Agricultural education institution, working with appropriate government agencies and NGOS, need to develop research and demonstrate in plots that directly address farmers’ needs.
This requires that farmer be valued for their contribution to production through their innovations and sharing of local knowledge for their part, farmers’ organizations need to do a better job of communication the need of their members to agricultural education institutions. Farmer advisory boards are one way to improve communication between agricultural education institutions and local producers.