THE ROLE OF THE NURSE IN FAMILY PLANNING
The nurses play a vital role in the realization of a working family planning. The roles of nurses in the in family planning cannot be overestimated as they help in the planning and monitoring process as indicated below.
- Answering the general question about contraceptive method.
- Explaining different methods that are available including accurate information about their advantages and disadvantages.
- Teaching the correct use of the method (s) of contraception that patients choose.
- She must be able to facilitate client knowledge and choice by providing valid, current information in a way which is easily understood by the women and possibly by the partner or spouse. Her counseling skills attribute as being non-judgemental and positive listening skills are of supreme importance.
- It is the duty of the nurse to discuss family planning and may as well be appropriate at all stages of reproductive period pre-conceptionally. The contraception is advocated for two months after rubella vaccination. Antenatally, the woman, and her partner may wish to have information on which to base future choices and the following delivery, they may require further information.
- The nurse informs the mother who was chosen not to breastfeed the need to commence contraception so that is effective before post partum ovulation that occurs on an average of forty (40) and fifty (50) days after delivery (Barbara and Waston, 2002).
The nurse needs to be aware that general factors governing individuals’ contraceptive choices vary greatly and can include religion and culture, relationship, age, motivation to avoid pregnancy, lifestyle, and socio-economic consideration. After childbirth, these may be compounded by issues such as breastfeeding because their chosen method of contraception must not affect lactation and health of their baby body image and adjustment to motherhood.
The nurse will also need to be aware of the family planning services available in the area.
Provision of family planning information and advice to facilitate clients knowledge and choice of method.
Creation of opportunities that enables women expresses their needs in terms of opportunistic discussions around sexual health.
Provision of adequate knowledge on breastfeeding awareness, cervical screening, and safe sex especially during post partum.
The midwife should have up-to-date knowledge of the available contraceptive methods.
To conclude this work on Family Planning
from all ramifications, we know that family planning is very necessary for communities where the birth rate is high and medical and financial resources are poor.
Infant mortality rate is high because the parents cannot give proper care to the children on the limited resources. Moreover, involuntary parenthood creates emotional and social problems.
Others indications for family planning are medical conditions such as cardiac diseases, patients with these conditions cannot afford large families because of their impaired health.
Today, there are various modernized methods of family planning such as not plant female condom e.t.c. which after some degree of safety against unwanted pregnancies and even venereal diseases as the case may be.
Nurses by the virtues of their profession should lay emphasis on educating, counseling, supporting and motivating people to be more interested and involved utilizing all the services of family planning.