A SURVEY OF NATION DEVELOPMENT PLAN : Every responsible government owe the citizens the duty of enhancing their living standard. This can only be achieved through sound economic policies that is capable of engendering speed and consistent economic growth. The concept of National development plan goes beyond fiscal policies. It involves deliberate and determined activities in order to achieve a projected growth rate and path for a national economy (Ayo, 1988).
More On Development plan
Planning in Nigeria began in the 1940’s. from independence in 1960 to 1985, Nigeria launched and implemented four medium-term development plans. After the period, Nigeria has been galloping with myriads of economic planning and policies, same of which includes structural Adjustment Programme, National Rolling plan, New partnership for African Development (NEPAD), National Economic empowerment and Development strategy (NEEDS), vision 2010 and vision 20:2020. each of these plans have had one fault or the other thereby given rise to another or is not fully exhausted due to changes in government.
The prevent vision 20:2020 is incidentally launched with the hope of guaranteeing dependable economic growth in Nigeria. It is hoped that the present economic council would transform the economy for better. This is more important because of the observable shit from military strength to economic strength as a major determinant of a country’s position in the comity of nations.
The main trust of the paper is to survey an array of National Development plans in Nigeria since colonial era. Nigeria has had many National Development plans with insignificant impact on the living standard of Nigerians. Every development plan in geared towards promoting the well being of the citizens through economic growth.
In view of this paremial problems, the paper wants to know why these national developments plan have not achieved the desired result. The paper x-rayed the development plans, analyzed each of than and identified the fault of each of them. In the end, recommendations were made with a view to ensuring that the present vision 20:2020 realizes the intended objectives. The contention is that there is a fundamental conflict between the developmental objectives which politicians and planners preach and the realities of economic and social condition under which the generality of the people live.
A SURVEY OF NATION DEVELOPMENT PLANS IN NIGERIA
The quest for Nigeria’s development has passed through different stages. It is of relevance to note that despite the philosophy and objectives of each national development plan, there are some centrifuged and centripetal forces affecting each development plan since the colonial era.
In 1946, the colonial government introduced a Ten Year plan of development and welfare. (Obiemeka & Obikezie 2004). The plan had an expenditure of N110,0 million. Specifically, N46 million of the money would be realized from the colonial Development and Welfare Act.
Adenolekun (1983) and Obiemeka & Obikezie (2004) noted that the main trust of the plan was transportation and communication and on a few cash crops in the area of agriculture. These were considered the bed rock for future development in Nigeria.
In the views of Ayo (1988), the plan was filled with many flaws purposely to satisfy the exploitative tendencies of the colonial masters particularly from the linter lands. Besides the identified philosophical defect, Nigerians were not widely consulted. Also, there are cases of lack of skilled manpower to carryout the duties. Others include the prevailing political agitation by Nationalists and exclusion of private investors. In analyzing the plan, Dean 1972:15 notes quaire