TYPES OF GYNECOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Disorders that affect the female reproductive system are called gynecologic disorders. The word "gynecology" comes from the Greek ancient word gyne, γυνή, modern Greek gynaika, γυναίκα, meaning woman and logia, meaning study, so gynecology literally is the study of women. (Laurinda, 1995).
Gynecology is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system.
Gynecology still deals with women's complaints—gynecological diseases, fertility, pregnancy, contraception, etc. it is the study of women. However, gynecology does not address all of women’s medicine but focuses on the disorders of female reproductive organs. (Laurinda, 1995)
Gynecological disorders are diseases that affect the female reproductive organs which may prevent them from getting pregnant if not properly handled. There are different types of gynecological disorders such as; Discharge vagina, smelling vagina, Fibroid, Nipple discharge, Painful menstrual, menstrual over flow, Irregular menstruation, delayed menstruation, Itching vagina, Block the fallopian tubes, Milk let-down after child birth, Infertility, Burning vagina, painful vagina.(Hawley-Bow, 1996).
Gynecological disorders can be caused by Complications resulting from birth control pills, Extreme stress and anxiety, Medications (e.g., contraceptives), uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumors of the uterus), bacteria, yeasts, viruses and other parasites. Some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also cause gynecological disorders, as various chemicals found in bubble baths, soaps and perfumes. Environmental factors such as poor hygiene and allergens may also cause this condition(Czerwinski, 2001).
Effect of gynecological disorders on women are infertility, milk let-down after childbirth, miscarriage, pelvic pain, relaxation of the pelvic floor, nipple discharge, vagina discharge and menstrual disorders.(Hannounet al., 2007)
There are two major approaches to the treatment of gynecological disorders,orthodoxapproach and traditional approach.Orthodox approach is the use of synthetic and scientific methodology in the treatment of gynecological disorders. (Elujoba,1998 and Pharmanews, 2006).
Traditional approach is the use of plants with medicinal value by herbalists to treat gynecological disorders.(Sofowora, 1984)